An 8-K is a report of unforeseen significant events or corporate changes in a company that may be significant to shareholders or the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC). The report, also known as Form 8K, informs the public of events, including acquisitions, bankruptcies, resignations of directors, or changes in fiscal year. Finally, Form 8-K provides a valuable record for economic researchers. For example, academics may wonder what impact different events have on stock prices. It is possible to estimate the impact of these events using regressions, but researchers need reliable data. Since 8-K disclosures are required by law, they provide a complete record and prevent bias in sample selection. and what investors need to know about them. You can see the SEC`s full overview on how to read an 8-K at Investor.gov. An 8-K is sometimes called a “current report” because it provides a snapshot of an important event and must be filed with the SEC within four business days of the event.
(Compare that to a 10-K, which is often released months after the end of the fiscal year.) The Securities and Exchange Commission requires all publicly traded companies in the U.S. to regularly report certain events relevant to investors. These include the largest annual (10-K) and quarterly (10-Q) earnings reports. Listed companies must file an 8-K in the event of a significant event (other than those that occur regularly, such as.B. earnings) that are important to investors. Documents that meet the requirements of the Fair Disclosure Regulations (Reg FD) may be due before four business days have been allowed. An organization must determine whether the information is material and submit the report to the SEC. The SEC provides the reports through the Electronic Data Gathering, Analysis and Retrieval (EDGAR) platform. Typically, an 8-K submission consists of only two main parts: the name and description of the event and all relevant exhibits.
The name and description of the event will include any information that the Company contains that relates to shareholders and the SEC. It is important to read this information as it has been classified as “material” by the company. .