On 16 January, two E-3A Airborne Early Warning and Control Systems (AWACS) were deployed by NATO to support U.S. homeland security. On 28 January, a senior US official met at NATO Headquarters on international terrorism to exchange information and assess the remaining issues. A NATO-Russia conference on the role of the army in the fight against terrorism was held on 4 February at the NATO Defence College in Rome, Italy. An international conference on “The World After September 11: Lessons Learned” was held in Monaco on 7 March. On 25 and 27 September, NATO and Russia held their first joint rapid reaction exercise in Noginsk, 70 kilometres from Moscow. The exercise simulated an international response to a terrorist attack on a chemical plant. On 9 November, NATO Secretary General Stoltenberg congratulated Donald Trump on his election as President of the United States. The Secretary-General reaffirmed the importance of U.S. leaders within NATO and stressed cooperation with the President on NATO issues. During his presidential campaign, Donald Trump suggested that the United States could only assist NATO allies if it had verified that it had “fulfilled its obligations to [the United States]”, which could possibly set conditions for the us to defend its NATO allies. On 20 November, the Lisbon Summit concluded with the adoption of a new strategic approach for the next ten years. The Alliance reaffirmed the links between members to defend each other and identified three essential tasks for future security: collective defence, crisis management and cooperative security.
The Strategic Concept underscored the Alliance`s commitment to keeping NATO open to all European democracies while making reforms that would enhance its effectiveness on the international stage. On 28 and 30 January, 100 experts met in Norway to discuss minimum standards for the protection of civilians from weapons of mass destruction, based on guidelines requested by NATO. The anti-terrorist conference, organized as part of the Emergency Civil Action Plan to improve civilian preparedness for possible attacks on the civilian population, with chemical, biological, radiological or nuclear agents, agreed at the Prague Summit in 2002, worked on the development of non-binding minimum guidelines and standards for the protection of civilians from chemical risks. (CBRN). The participants, from both NATO and partner countries, were experts in emergency civil planning. On 17 December, the North Atlantic Council met at the level of the Minister of Defence, with the participation of the three invited countries, the Czech Republic, Hungary and Poland. There were ministerial meetings of the Defence Planning Committee and the Nuclear Planning Group. Ministers approved the 1998 ministerial guidelines that provide policy direction to NATO military authorities for the period up to 2006 and beyond. The North Atlantic Treaty was largely suspended until the Korean War launched the creation of NATO by an integrated military structure: in 1951, it included the formation of the supreme allied powers Europe (SHAPE) headquarters, which took over the military structures and plans of the Western Union.
In 1952, the post of NATO Secretary General was created as the organization`s main civilian.