WWI Timeline

28th June 1914:
Assasination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand in Sarajevo, heir to the throne of the Austro-Hungarian Empire.
28th July 1914:
Austria-Hungary declares war on Russia.
1st August 1914:
Germany declares war on Russia.
3rd August 1914:
Germany declares war on France.
4th August 1914:
Germany invades Belgium, a neutral nation.
4th August 1914:
Great Britain declares war on Germany.
30th August 1914:
German army, led by Erich Ludendorff and Paul von Hindenburg, achieves its greatest victory of the war on the Eastern front against Russia at the Battle of Tannenberg.
10th September 1914:
First Battle of the Marne halts German invasion in France.
15th September 1914:
Digging of the first trenches of the Western front begins.
25th December 1914:
Unofficial Christmas Truce declared by soldiers in the trenches along the Western Front.
15th January 1915:
First German Zeppelin air raid on England.
4th February 1915:
Germany declares a submarine blockade of Great Britain. Any boat approaching England is considered a legitimate target.
22nd April 1915:
First use of chemical weapons at the Second Battle of Ypres.
25th April 1915:
Allies begin assault on Gallipoli peninsula in Turkey.
7th May 1915:
Sinking of the passenger ship Lusitania.
23rd May 1915:
Italy declares war on Austria-Hungary
30th August 1915:
Germany responds to U.S. anger by ceasing to sink ships without warning.
5th September 1915:
Tsar Nicholas takes command of Russian armies.
19th December 1915:
Sir Douglas Haig becomes commander of British Expeditionary Force.
28th December 1915:
Allies begin withdrawal of troops from Gallipoli.
21st February 1916:
Battle of Verdun begins.
1st June 1916:
The Battle of Jutland, the only major naval engagement of the war is fought with no clear winner.
1st July 1916:
Beginning of the Battle of the Somme
6th August 1916:
Aleksander Fyodorovich Kerensky appointed Prime Minister of Russia.
7th November 1916:
Woodrow Wilson re-elected President of the United States.
18th November 1916:
The Battle of the Somme results in an estimated one million casualties and no breakthrough for the Allies.
7th December 1916:
David Lloyd George becomes Prime Minister of Britain.
18th December 1916:
The longest battle of the war, the Battle of Verdun, is fought to a draw with an estimated one million casualties.
31st December 1916:
The self-avowed Russian holy man, Rasputin, is murdered by relatives of the Tsar’s.
1st February 1917:
Germany again declares unrestricted submarine warfare
15th March 1917:
Tsar Nicholas II of Russia abdicates. Provisional government is declared.
6th April 1917:
The United States declares war on Germany.
14th April 1917:
British and Canadian troops advance 3 miles at Arras
16th April 1917:
The French Army launches the Chemin des Dames offensive, but fails to break through the German lines. Mutiny breaks out amongst the French troops.
21st April 1917:
French launch offensive at the Chemin des Dames.
7th June 1917:
British troops explode 19 mines under Messines Ridge.
6th July 1917:
T.E. Lawrence and the Arabs capture Aquaba.
16th July 1917:
Beginning of the Third Battle of Ypres
31st July 1917:
Major British offensive launched at Ypres.
7th November 1917:
Bolshevik socialists, led by Lenin, overthrow Kerensky’s government.
10th November 1917:
Third Battles of Ypres, known as Passchendaele, results in minor gains, but still no breakthrough.
10th November 1917:
British reach the village of Passchendaele.
3rd December 1917:
The new Russian government, represented by Leon Trotsky, signs an armistice with Germany.
9th December 1917:
British capture Jerusalem.
8th January 1918:
President Woodrow Wilson declares his 14 points as the path to world peace.
21st March 1918:
Germans launch the first of five major offensives to win the war before American troops appear in the trenches.
25th April 1918:
British and Australian troops stop the German advance near Amiens.
23rd May 1918:
German shells land on Paris.
17th July 1918:
Former Tsar Nicholas II, his wife, children, and members of his entourage are murdered by the Bolsheviks
8th August 1918:
Allied counteroffensives on the Somme push the German army back.
29th September 1918:
Allied troops break through the German fortifications at the Hindenberg line.
28th October 1918:
Germany’s sailors mutiny at port when asked to sail out to fight again.
9th November 1918:
Kaiser Wilhelm II abdicates.
10th November 1918:
A German republic is founded.
11th November 1918:
At eleven o’clock on the eleventh day of the eleventh month of 1918, the war ends as Germany and Allies sign an Armistice.
4th December 1918:
Woodrow Wilson sets sail for the Paris Peace conference.